Internet of Things

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Frequently Asked Questions

With so many new expressions, acronyms and buzz words springing up every year, it's no wonder it's so hard to keep track of what's what in the world of IoT. We've answered some of our most frequently asked questions below.


The Internet of Things refers to the network of things (physical objects) that can be connected to the Internet to collect and share data without human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

The term Internet of Things was coined by Kevin Ashton in 1999. Stemming from Kevin Ashton’s experience with RFID, the term Internet of Things originally described the concept of tagging every object in a person’s life with machine readable codes. This would allow computers to easily manage and inventory all of these things.

An IoT solution is a combination of devices or other data sources, outfitted with sensors and internet connected hardware to securely report information back to an IoT platform. This information is often a physical metric which can help users answer a question or solve a specific problem.

The purpose of a PoC is to experiment with a solution in your environment, collect data, and evaluate performance from a set timeline on a set budget. A proof of concept is a low-risk way to introduce IoT to an organisation.

An IoT platform provides users with one or more of these key elements — visualisation tools, data security features, a workflow engine and a custom user interface to utilise the information collected from devices and other data sources in the field. Cloud platforms are based in the cloud and can be accessed from anywhere.

Edge computing is a method which enables devices to process data at or near where it is collected instead of sending it to a data center or to the cloud. Edge computing is used to achieve local optimised control, operate in spite of intermittent connectivity or immediately filter data, sending only what is necessary to the cloud.

Industrial equipment monitoring uses a network of connected sensors - either native to a piece of equipment or retrofitted - to inform owners/operators of a machine’s output, component conditions, need for service or impending failure. Industrial equipment monitoring is an IoT solution which can utilise an IoT platform to unify disparate data and enable decision makers to respond to real-time data.

Condition-based maintenance or CBM is a method of proactive maintenance which enables owners to respond to conditions only when a need arises. Conditions of machine components are monitored using IoT (sensors, a network connection and gateways).

Predictive maintenance refers to a method of maintenance created using IoT that relies on data from a combination of sources including machine components and other indicators which inform an owner/operator of the items requiring attention before any service interruption occurs. Predictive maintenance often requires a large supply of historical data in order to function appropriately.

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